American Bulldog vs. French Bulldog: Which Is Better? - TomKings Puppies Blog

American Bulldog vs. French Bulldog: Which Is Better?

When it comes to choosing a furry companion, the debate between the American Bulldog vs French Bulldog often arises among prospective dog owners. Both breeds, known for their distinctive appearances and loyal temperaments, offer unique advantages for different lifestyles and preferences. In this article, we’ll explore the key differences and similarities between these two beloved breeds. By examining their origins, physical traits, personalities, and health considerations, we aim to provide you with comprehensive insights to help you determine which breed might be the better fit for your home and lifestyle.

Historical Background and Origins

The pasts of the American Bulldog and the French Bulldog provide some fascinating insights into their present-day characteristics, both bully breeds originating from the English Bulldog. Starting with the American Bulldog, this breed’s origins trace back to the working bulldogs of England, who were brought to the American South by immigrants around the 17th century. These dogs were primarily used in farming, protecting livestock from predators, and as capable hunting companions. They were bred to be resilient and powerful, traits that are still prominent in the breed today.

Choco and Tan French Bulldog at TomKings Puppies
French Bulldog puppy at TomKings Puppies

On the other hand, the French Bulldog evolved from the smaller bulldogs kept by Nottingham’s lace makers in England during the 19th century. As the Industrial Revolution ended traditional industries, many lace workers relocated to France, taking their bulldogs with them. These bulldogs were favored for their companionship and minimal exercise needs, thriving in the urban environment of Paris. Over time, they were bred with other small dog breeds like terriers and pugs, which led to the distinctive bat ears and the smaller, compact frame we recognize today. Read more about the fascinating history of French Bulldogs.

Starting with similar origins but having rather different histories and physical characteristics, both breeds managed to adapt to their new homes—American farmsteads for American Bulldogs and busy cities for French Bulldogs. Their temperaments and physical characteristics have been shaped by these historical influences, making each breed suited to various owners and lifestyles.

Physical Characteristics, Size and Appearance

When it comes to the appearance of the American Bulldog versus the French Bulldog, the contrasts are as distinct as their histories. The American Bulldog stands out with its robust and sturdy frame, showcasing the breed’s working-class origins. Typically, they are muscular and agile, often weighing between 60 to 100 pounds with a height ranging from 20 to 25 inches at the shoulder. Their coats are generally short, smooth, and come in a variety of colors and patterns. This breed’s powerful build and alert expression echo its heritage as a utility dog capable of guarding and hunting.

American Bulldog vs. French Bulldog: Which Is Better? - TomKings Puppies Blog
American Bulldog. Source:

In contrast, the French Bulldog has a much smaller size and compact physique, reflecting its evolution as a lap dog bred for companionship. Frenchies typically weigh around 25 — 30 pounds and stand about 11 to 12 inches tall at the shoulder, making them ideal apartment dogs. Their distinctive bat ears and broad, square heads are some of the characteristic features that make enthusiasts fall in love with them worldwide. The coat of a Frenchie is also short and easy to groom, while their endearing skin folds need regular cleaning.

Coloration varies in both breeds: the American Bulldog often features shades of white, brindle, fawn, and combinations os these. On the other hand, the French Bulldog offers a wider palette of colors and patterns, including rare colors like blue, chocolate, and lilac. These differences in appearance not only reflect the breeds’ distinct origins but also influence their appeal to different types of owners—those looking for a more imposing, active dog versus those desiring a smaller, more manageable companion.

Ultimate Guide
to Adopting a Frenchie

Temperament & Personality

When comparing the temperaments and personalities of the American Bulldog and the French Bulldog, each breed’s unique background shines through. The American Bulldog is known for its courageous and confident nature. Originally bred for work on farms and for hunting, this breed exhibits a high level of intelligence, loyalty, and a protective instinct that makes it an excellent watchdog. American Bulldogs are generally assertive and willful, but with consistent training, they become obedient and develop strong bonds with their families. They thrive on companionship and activity, making them well-suited for active households.

The French Bulldog, on the other hand, is prized for its affectionate, playful and easygoing temperament. These dogs are especially renowned for their loving nature and their ability to form deep bonds with their owners. Frenchies are ideal companions for those living in smaller spaces like apartments due to their relatively low energy levels compared to larger breeds. They are known to be patient and incredibly friendly with children and other pets, making them excellent family dogs. Despite their smaller size, they carry a joyful and clownish personality, often entertaining their families with their humorous antics.

French Bulldog - TomKings Puppies
French Bulldog daddy at TomKings Puppies

Both breeds exhibit a strong desire for human interaction and do not like being left alone for long periods, which can lead to separation anxiety. While the American Bulldog may require a more experienced handler due to its size and strength, the French Bulldog generally fits well into the lives of first-time dog parents looking for a charming and affectionate pet. These distinctive personality traits showcase why each breed is cherished and how they fit into the lives of different types of owners.

Health Issues and Lifespan

American Bulldogs are generally robust but can encounter common issues such as hip dysplasia, certain heart conditions, and skin allergies. These health challenges necessitate careful screening and responsible breeding practices to ensure the longevity and well-being of the breed. French Bulldogs, with their distinctive compact build and brachycephalic (flat-faced) features, may be prone to breathing issues, spinal and joint diseases like hip dysplasia. Their unique physical structure also makes them susceptible to overheating and requires special attention during exercise and hot weather.

In discussing the health issues and lifespan of American Bulldogs and French Bulldogs, it’s crucial to highlight the importance of selecting a reputable breeder. Both breeds benefit immensely from genetic screening and health testing provided by conscientious breeders who prioritize the health and genetic quality of their puppies. This practice not only helps in reducing inherited conditions but also ensures a healthier, happier life for these beloved dogs. The average American Bulldog and French Bulldog lifespan ranges from 10 to 12 years for both breeds, largely depending on their health and care.

Popularity and Adoption

The popularity and adoption rates of American Bulldogs and French Bulldogs reflect their unique appeal and suitability to different lifestyles. The American Bulldog, with its imposing stature and vigilant nature, is often preferred by those seeking a capable guard dog that can also participate in family life. Their popularity is more notable in rural settings, meanwhile the French Bulldog has gained immense popularity in urban environments, especially among city dwellers.

Romee, available French Bulldog puppy at TomKings Puppies
Romee, French Bulldog puppy at TomKings Puppies

Currently, Frenchies are the most popular dog breed of the US according to the AKC: they are all over social media with their silly antics, and are often showcased by celebrities. This popularity resulted in higher prices, making Frenchies one of the most expensive dog breeds. That’s why it’s crucial for prospective owners to prioritize ethical considerations, avoiding puppy mills and being wary of scammers.

One should do a proper research on order to choose a reputable breeder who complies with the highest standards of breeding, ensuring the health and well-being of the puppies. Such responsible practices contribute to preserving the breed’s integrity and ensuring that families receive healthy, affectionate companions.

American Bulldog vs. French Bulldog: Summary (Pros and Cons)

When it comes to the pros and cons of American Bulldogs versus French Bulldogs, it’s clear that each breed offers distinct advantages and challenges. Let’s see a summary of these below!

American Bulldog

American Bulldog. Source:
American Bulldog. Source:


  • Excellent guard dogs due to their protective nature.
  • Robust and energetic, ideal for active families or rural environments.
  • Intelligent and trainable, responds well to structured training.
  • Generally healthy with a longer lifespan for larger breeds.
  • Good with children, showing patience and loyalty.


  • Needs a confident handler due to its size and strength.
  • Can be stubborn, requiring consistent and firm training.
  • May be aggressive towards other animals if not socialized properly.
  • Requires a lot of space and exercise, not ideal for small living spaces.
  • Prone to genetic health issues like hip dysplasia which require preventive care.

French Bulldog

French Bulldog - TomKings Puppies
French Bulldog daddy at TomKings Puppies


  • Highly affectionate and good for emotional support.
  • Requires minimal exercise, perfect for less active owners.
  • Good with children and other pets, making them excellent family dogs.
  • Wide variety of colors and patterns, appealing to diverse aesthetic preferences.
  • Their compact size makes them suitable for urban living.


  • Frenchies are one of the most expensive dog breeds in the world.
  • The popularity of Frenchies has led to an unfortunate rise in scams and unethical breeders
  • They may be susceptible to breathing issues due to their brachycephalic traits.
  • Can suffer from separation anxiety, requiring frequent human interaction.
  • They are to overheating and challenges in hot weather.

Available puppies

Available Puppies

Adley, the affectionate

Bastien, the breathtaking

Choosing the right breed depends largely on your lifestyle, living arrangements, and willingness to meet the needs of these very different dogs. Both the American Bulldog and the French Bulldog have distinct qualities that make them beloved companions, but they come with responsibilities that potential owners must be prepared for. Remember, a dog is not just a pet but a commitment to new life that requires love, care and understanding. 

Would you like to find out if a Frenchie is the right companion for you? Our interactive French Bulldog quiz will guide you through a series of questions tailored to your preferences and needs. Let us assist you in making an informed decision about bringing a furry friend into your life!

Is a French Bulldog
the Right Dog
Breed for You?

Take Our Quiz!

If you’d like to learn more about Frenchies, join our Facebook group called TomKings Frenchie Family to read our Frenchie parents’ experiences!

The article is based on the expert knowledge of the TomKings Puppies team who have been breeding French Bulldogs for 10 years on their farm. All the pictures in the post belong to them and their customers, and show puppies from their breed. Check their available French Bulldog puppies, or if you have any questions or comments let us know below the article.



Christian, the loving


, French Bulldog,



Claudio, the charmer

New shade Isabella merle and tan

, French Bulldog,



James, the joker

Blue merle and tan

, French Bulldog,



Caleb, the captivating

Lilac and tan

, French Bulldog,



Bambi, the blissful

Blue and tan

, French Bulldog,



Imogen, the irresistible

Blue merle and tan

, French Bulldog,



Which adorable Frenchie will you choose? Difficult question, right? To help you out, we will gladly provide you with some extra photos or videos of our available Frenchies, you just need to ask! Send us an enquiry with the name of the puppy that catches your attention and we will tell you all about him or her. We also look forward to answering any questions you may have! 

If you can’t find your dream Frenchie amongst our available Frenchie puppies, sign up to our New Puppy Notifier to get notified when new puppies are available:

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Send me an email when a new puppy is available on the website!