French Bulldog Tail: History, Types and Health Concerns - TomKings Blog

French Bulldog Tail: History, Types and Health Concerns

When it comes to French Bulldogs, their distinctive bat-like ears, adorable faces, and affectionate nature often steal the spotlight. However, there’s a unique feature that’s just as intriguing yet frequently overlooked – their tail. In this blog post, we explore various aspects of the French Bulldog tail, delving into its history, types, and the associated health concerns.

The Evolution of the French Bulldog Tail

Probably one of the most common misconceptions about French Bulldogs is related to their tails: namely, that they are docked or cropped. In reality, Frenchies are born with no or very short tails, making it a natural trait of the breed. The stumpy tail we adore today is the result of selective breeding, so let’s look at the history of French Bulldogs briefly to understand its background.

Alistair, available French Bulldog puppy at TomKings Puppies
Alistair, French Bulldog puppy at TomKings Puppies

In the past, Bulldogs were bred for activities like dog fighting and bull baiting, where a long tail could be a liability. Breeders selectively paired dogs to minimize tail length, aiming for a less cumbersome feature that reduced the risk of tail injuries during these activities. Thankfully, as society moved away from these barbaric sports, the breeding focus shifted, but the short tail remained as a distinct breed characteristic.

Anatomy of the French Bulldog Tail

The anatomy of the French Bulldog tail is as unique as the breed itself. While most of them are typically short, it’s not unusual for some Frenchies to have a little longer tail. They also come in various shapes, like straight, screwed and thick-rooted.

Straight Tail

The straight tail is often seen as the ideal shape in French Bulldogs and is preferred for breeding standards. It’s characterized by its short length, typically lying flush against the body. 

Straight tails

Screwed Tail

The screwed tail, known for its quirky corkscrew shape, is a defining feature for some Frenchies. This type of tail winds in a spiral, adding to the breed’s unique appearance. 

French Bulldog Tail: History, Types and Health Concerns - TomKings Blog
Screwed tails

Thick Root Tail

Finally, there are also thick root tails, starting broad at the base and ending in a fine point. This type of tail might be longer than the straight or screwed variants.

French Bulldog Tail: History, Types and Health Concerns - TomKings Blog
Thick root tail

Health Concerns Associated with French Bulldog Tails 

While the tails of French Bulldogs are an endearing characteristic of the breed, they may present some health concerns that Frenchie parents should be aware of.

Tail Pocket Infection

A unique feature in some Frenchies is the ‘tail pocket’ – a small indented area under the tail. This area can accumulate dirt and bacteria, leading to infections if not cleaned regularly and properly. Symptoms include redness, swelling and a bad odor. Regular cleaning and monitoring are key to preventing these infections.


Due to their short tails, French Bulldogs are susceptible to sunburn on their tail and surrounding areas, especially in lighter-colored dogs. Protecting them with pet-safe sunscreen and limiting exposure during peak sunlight hours can help prevent this painful condition.

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Hemivertebrae is a rare condition that has been found to be more common in Frenchies with screw tails. It involves a malformation of one or more spine vertebrae, which can lead to a twisted spine and potentially serious health implications like pain or weakness in hind limbs. Early detection through physical examinations is crucial for management and treatment.

Understanding and addressing these health concerns are vital for the well-being of Frenchies. Regular veterinary check-ups and attentive care can help manage these issues and ensure a healthier life for these beloved pets.

Calvin, available French Bulldog puppy at TomKings Puppies

Caring for Your French Bulldog’s Tail

Now, let’s see some essential tips to help you take the best care of your Frenchie’s tail!

Regular Cleaning and Inspection

The tail pocket, if your Frenchie has one, requires regular cleaning to prevent infections. Gently wipe the area with a damp cloth and use mild, dog-friendly cleaning products. It’s also essential to regularly inspect the tail for any signs of infection, irritation or injury.

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Sun Protection

As mentioned earlier, French Bulldogs are prone to sunburn on their tails, especially if they have a lighter coat. Using pet-safe sunscreen when your dog is outdoors can prevent sunburn. You should also avoid prolonged exposure to the sun during peak hours.

Veterinary Check-Ups

Regular veterinary visits are vital for your Frenchie. Your vet can provide tailored advice on tail care, especially if your French Bulldog has specific needs or health concerns.

By following these care tips, you can help ensure your French Bulldog’s tail remains healthy and your pet is comfortable and happy. 

Tammy, available French Bulldog puppy at TomKings Puppies
Tammy, French Bulldog puppy at TomKings Puppies

The Tail Pocket: Cleaning and Maintenance 

We have already mentioned that not all Frenchies have a tail pocket, but for those who do, proper cleaning and maintenance are crucial to prevent health issues.

Identifying the Tail Pocket

First, determine if your Frenchie has a tail pocket: look for a small indented area under the tail, near the base. Some dogs have a prominent pocket, while others might have a less noticeable one.

Cleaning Routine

For French Bulldogs with a tail pocket, regular cleaning is essential. Here’s a step-by-step guide:

  1. First, you’ll need pet-friendly wipes or a mild, vet-approved cleaning solution, along with soft, clean cloths.
  2. Once your Frenchie is calm and comfortable, gently lift the tail and clean around the tail pocket using the wipes or cloth.
  3. After cleaning, ensure the area is completely dry, as moisture can lead to infections.

It’s important to regularly inspect the tail pocket and look for signs of irritation, redness, bad odor, or discharge. If you notice any of these symptoms, we recommend that you disinfect the area with Betadine three times a day. If it doesn’t get better, you should also consult your vet for appropriate treatment. 

In rare cases, Frenchie tails may require surgical intervention. This is particularly true if a Frenchie’s tail lies too flat against the skin, preventing proper air circulation and leading to persistent infections. In such cases, a minor surgical procedure, typically a small incision at the base of the tail, can be performed to alleviate the issue. 

Demetrius, available French Bulldog puppy at TomKings Puppies
Demetrius, French Bulldog puppy at TomKings Puppies

French Bulldogs Tail Docking

When discussing the French Bulldog tail, it’s important to address the topic of tail docking. Tail docking refers to the removal of a dog’s tail or a part of it, often for cosmetic reasons. This practice is a subject of significant concern and debate, and is even banned or heavily restricted in many countries. 

In breeder circles, the act of docking a Frenchie’s tail is generally frowned upon. It is often used to hide undesirable traits, which goes against responsible breeding practices, except when required for medical reasons. Ethical breeders and owners should advocate for the natural beauty of Frenchies, recognizing and embracing their distinct tail types.

Are You Looking for a Responsible Frenchie Breeder? 

Choosing a Frenchie as a new family member is an exciting decision, but it comes with the responsibility of finding the right French Bulldog breeder. A responsible breeder not only ensures the health and well-being of the dogs but also upholds ethical breeding practices. 

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So, make sure to take your time to research and connect with breeders. Look for those who are passionate about the breed and committed to raising healthy, happy French Bulldogs. A good breeder’s priority is always the welfare of the dogs, not just making a sale.

You should also consider joining online forums or groups like the TomKings Frenchie Family, where Frenchie owners and enthusiasts share their experiences and knowledge. Such communities can be invaluable in your journey as a Frenchie owner.

The article is based on the expert knowledge of the TomKings Puppies team who have been breeding French Bulldogs for 13 years on their farms. All the pictures in the post belong to them and their customers, and show puppies from their breed. Check their available French Bulldog puppies, or if you have any questions or comments let us know below the article.


2 thoughts on “French Bulldog Tail: History, Types and Health Concerns”

  1. I can see how much you care for and love your dogs. I am addicted to just watching. We, Bonnie, a Havanese dog and I recently had to say goodbye to our 15 year old Brussels Griffon. We miss him terribly. I am looking for another buddy: Brussels, Pug, Frenchie. I am 73 and losing my vision in my left eye due to wet MD. I used to have a German Shepherd and have often thought of him. I also had a medium sized poodle and there will never be a replacement for him. I am concerned that I would not be able to exercise a larger dog but I do have a large fenced yard. I love your little Frenchies. Sorry about all of my information. I love the attitudes and the talking back. My Griffon did that.

    1. Dear Barbara,

      I’m so sorry to hear about the loss of your sweet Griffon. I’m sure Bonnie misses him too very much. He must have had an amazing life with you as 15 years is such a long time.

      I do believe a Frenchie could be such a great buddy to her and they are so amazing emotional support as well. Our pups really love snuggling close to their parents and they always cheer them up with their cute, funny behavior.

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